The traditional costume of any country tells people a lot about the history and the life of that country. Sri Lankan traditional dress –saree for women and sarongs for men was affected by both Asian and European cultures and made them more beautiful.
When we talk about the manufacture of textiles in ancient Sri Lanka, the most ancient proof of the cotton industry in Sri Lanka is the fact that at the time of the arrival of Prince Vijay, kuveni had pretended to be a cotton thread spinner. But there is no clear evidence about the specific areas where cotton was grown. During the medieval period, there is evidence that most cotton was grown in the upcountry.
There are many evidence that the textile industry had been in a highly developed stage in ancient times. Various types of textile had been manufactured to suit the different types of status and identities of the people in the society. Information about the growing of cotton, making thread, painting, and tailoring is also available. Sometimes have been exported from ancient Lanka to other countries. However they have created for the requirements of kings, royal officials and robes for Buddhist monks and all others .kings have paid wages of their workers by way of textiles.it is undoubtedly evident that the textile industry had been in highly developed status during ancient times in Sri Lanka.
Let’s see what are traditional clothing in Sri Lanka.
The costumes and clothes of the Sinhalese are very diverse. In addition Sinhalese population Tamil, moors, burghers, and some other emotional groups of people live in Sri Lanka. The costumes were different if not in all, but some elements, the way they are worn so on.
Saree Traditional dress of Sri Lanka female
Saree is purely a women’s clothing. The traditional Kandyan saree (osari) is popular in Sri Lanka and it is worn by women for all ranges of events. It is very common in our country. Some wear a saree on a daily or their work uniform calls for saree school teachers and office women to wear series as well as tea puckers when it is their custom. In official events and ceremonies, traditional clothing is a saree that must be very colorful and bright .saree are worn by Sri Lankan women in many different styles. There are two ways o that the Indian and the Kandyan style. The Kandyan one is more popular in the upcountry.
Little girls and boys have special outfits too. Girls wear the lama sharia and boys wear the Jathika Anduma. At the temple on poya days or during special events such as the national Independence Day celebrations, we will see girls dressed in lama sharia and boys in the Jathika Anduma.
The lama sariya
as the name means looks like half of a saree.it has two parts the top is a fitting jacket with a wide soft trill around the neck. The bottom part is a drape wrapped around the waist. The cloth reaches the ankle and has a wide frill at the side of the hip.
The white lama sharia is worn for religious events such as observing sil on poya days.
Colorful lama series in many types of materials are worn for weddings especially by the flower girls and little maids. Girls also wear it for events such as the Sinhala and Tamil New year.
The national outfit the adults wear. It also has two parts worn by boys is smart and simple. It is the same as what adults wear. It also has two parts. A long sleeve shirt and a sarong that reaches the ankle. The Jathika Anduma too is mostly worn in white, especially when visiting religious places for celebrating events boys wear the Jathika Anduma in many colors while for weddings pale gold or cream colors are popular.
Redde and Hatte
is a two-and-a-half-meter-long piece of cloth that adorns the waist and Hatte is a delicate linen blouse with a simple neckline usually a round or V-shaped neckline. In this dress work t home, in the field, the garden .when the rice seedlings are pretended in water-filled fields, they are tied up in an as shortened skirt. so that it would be more convenient to work. Redde and Hatte together create a smart and comfortable outfit worn during weddings.
Like other south Asia countries, sarongs are also the basic attire for men in Sri Lanka. During Sri Lanka tours. During Sri Lanka tours you will see men of all cultures wearing sarongs. such as tuk-tuk drivers, fishermen, farmers, cooks, and more recently businessmen who wear the modern sarong with pockets.
Sri Lankan traditional dress’s Attributes
Traditional Sri Lankan clothes have many other features like appearance, decoration color which change over time. In the late 19th century many women in the maritime province or low country didn’t cover their breaths, when at home or when going outside. The royal ladies wore pleated robes from the waist upwards to save for necklaces, armlets, wristlets, ear, and hair ornaments. Usually, royal people’s dresses were very decorative and they used costly materials and very decorative costumes.
In this way, we can talk about the traditional dresses and costumes in Sri Lanka. We must continue without ruining those traditions.